Cars have not been economical or efficient in the past decade. The only crucial point was functionality. However, this is not the case because people now prefer more efficient and safer cars. In this article, we will answer the question of what are materials used in car production.
At Bor Aluminum we are manufacturing aluminum profiles for many products; stairs, balustrades, aluminum U profiles, and many others. We are also one of the best aluminum billet manufacturers in Turkey. Today we want to give information about the materials used in car manufacturing. One of them of this material is aluminum. So let us start it!
Here are 10 materials used in car production;
10 Materials used in Car Manufacturing
There is a lot of planning, design, and science to develop a car. There are different types of materials used to design a car, and these materials determine the durability, design, and sometimes speed of the vehicle.
Steel production has improved a lot. Different parts and areas of a car need different types of steel. Steel is the main material in the manufacture of door panels, car chassis, and support-beams. It is also used in exhaust pipes and mufflers in the car.
However, it is mostly used in the chassis of the car due to its strength. This means that the ability to absorb the effect is better. The average car contains 2400 pounds of steel.
Therefore, they help you stay safe on the road as it is a metal responsible for the weight and support of vehicles.
Plastics used in automobile production are petroleum by-products. (gas and oil) Plastic challenges steel because of its importance in automobile manufacturing. Plastic is strong enough to keep the structure in shape.
Plastics; The instrument panel makes up almost half of the total auto parts that are the main component in the production of door handles, pipes, and air vents. The durability, versatility, and lightweight of plastics make them ideal materials for different parts.
Among other metals, the lightness and durability of aluminum make it perfect for certain auto parts. It is also becoming a common material in automobile production. In 1970 aluminum made up only 2% of the total components of a car; Today it accounts for 15% of the total auto parts.
The wheels, which are important parts, are made of aluminum instead of steel. Most engine blocks are also made of steel. Although it is not as durable as iron, it is lighter and this improves performance.
Engine wedges, hose seals, wiper blades, and belts are produced from a rubber material. Like plastic, rubber is cheap, durable, and flexible.
Therefore, it can be used in a wide variety of parts. It also handles the heat well if the car gets hot. Most of the produced rubber is used in automobile production.
Currently, glass is used in navigation screens, backup camera lenses, and mirrors in your car. It helps the driver to see more clearly what they are doing and where they are going.
Windshields are made of laminated glass. Glass lamination provides the highest safety to users, especially in the event of a collision.
Most people think that glass and fiberglass are the same material. However, this is not true.
Fiberglass is made from small thin glass wires. When glass touches these small layers and resin is painted on it, smaller things can be done.
Fiberglass offers many advantages in the automotive industry. It is not corrosive, so it helps replace steel in areas where steel can easily rust.
Fiberglass is fireproof. In the event of an accident, users can leave the vehicle without damage. It can be used on front bumpers, doors, roofs, enclosures, and wheels.
Lead is an excellent metal because it is heavy and helps balance the car. That’s why most of the wheels are made of lead, aluminum, and fiberglass parts. The battery is made of lead, which protects the vehicle even when the vehicle is warming up.
Copper is mostly used for wiring the car and other electronic components. So copper wires work in different systems throughout the vehicle, such as radio, security systems, and charging points.
Titanium is an expensive metal. For this reason, most companies avoid using it in their production processes.
However, some companies use it in metallic parts where steel and aluminum are traditionally used. It mainly makes cars look more aesthetically pleasing.
The body, structure, and some engine parts are made of magnesium. It has been used in these parts since 1930. It is perfect because it is 75% lighter than steel and 33% lighter than aluminum. However, it is used only in small areas, so as not to disturb the balance of vehicles.
In this article, we talked about the materials used in car production. I hope our article titled 10 Materials Used in Car Manufacturing has been useful.
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